guia bilbao BANNERMARZO Aznar Ship Company Headquarters

Aznar Ship Company Headquarters

Architect:  M. I. Galíndez    

Year:     1943-1946

Style:     Rationalist

Sota & Aznar Ship Company was the most important one in Spain, regarding to its volume. Its headquarters were a mature work by architect Manuel I. Galíndez, and represent the importance of the company in those years right after the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).

Galíndez runs away from the prevailing movement (a historical, post-herrerian nationalist style) and proposes a much more international and open-minded classical language. He adapts each façade of the building to its concrete situation. Towards the entry square, the architect composes an Italian-like “palazzo”, towards the river the façade turns curved under a vertical rhythm. The back is discreet, and there, it resembles just an office building.

The monumentality of the architecture is strengthened by a high multi-levelled plinth. The different rhythms of the façades, which can be noticed in the window structures and decorations, are tied by horizontal fringes and a powerful use of the colour (different materials). A turret in the corner by the river, resembling the bow of a ship, is the only point where the cornice disappears.

Javier Cenicacelaya, Architecture Dean in the Basque Country University and author of the catalogue “Arquitectura en Bilbao”, considers this one “the best building of that period in Spain”.

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